Physicians perform hysterectomy—the surgical removal of the uterus—to treat a wide variety of uterine conditions. Each year in the U.S. alone, doctors perform approximately 600,000 hysterectomies, making it the second most common surgical procedure.
Types of Hysterectomy
There are various types of hysterectomy that are performed depending on the patient’s diagnosis:
- Supracervical hysterectomy—removes the uterus, leaves cervix intact
- Total hysterectomy—removes the uterus and cervix
- Radical hysterectomy or modified radical hysterectomy—a more extensive surgery for gynecologic cancer that includes removing the uterus and cervix and may also remove part of the vagina, fallopian tubes, ovaries and lymph nodes in order to stage the cancer (determine how far it has spread).
Approaches to Hysterectomy
da Vinci Hysterectomy
A new, minimally invasive approach to hysterectomy, da Vinci Hysterectomy, combines the advantages of conventional open and minimally invasive hysterectomies—but with far fewer drawbacks. da Vinci Hysterectomy is becoming the treatment of choice for many surgeons worldwide. It is performed using the da Vinci System, which enables surgeons to perform surgical procedures with unmatched precision, dexterity and control.
Single Site Hysterectomy
A surgical team at Doctors Hospital, Augusta, performed the first da Vinci® Single-Site™ Hysterectomy in the city of Augusta on October 3, 2013. The procedure was performed through one tiny incision in the belly button, making it virtually scar-less. Read more
A second approach to hysterectomy, vaginal hysterectomy, involves removal of the uterus through the vagina, without any external incision or subsequent scarring. Surgeons most often use this minimally invasive approach if the patient’s condition is benign (non-cancerous), when the uterus is normal size and the condition is limited to the uterus.
In laparoscopic hysterectomy, the uterus is removed either vaginally or through small incisions made in the abdomen. The surgeon can see the target anatomy on a standard 2D video monitor thanks to a miniaturized camera, inserted into the abdomen through the small incisions. A laparoscopic approach offers surgeons better visualization of affected structures than either vaginal or abdominal hysterectomy alone.
Which is Right for Me?
Call our Nurse Navigator, Trish Wheeler, RN at (706) 651-3636.