Upper Gastrointestinal Series
(Upper GI Series; Barium Swallow; Barium Meal)
|Upper Digestive System|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
Reasons for Test
- Weight loss
- Abdominal pain
- Trouble swallowing
- Regurgitation—when food and fluids flow back up from your stomach toward your mouth
- Rectal bleeding
- Bloody stools or black, tarry stools
- Bloody vomit or vomit that looks like coffee grounds
- Abnormal growths or tumors
- Diverticula —abnormal pouches in the wall of your gut
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) —when acid from the stomach moves up into your throat
- Hiatal hernia —when the upper part of the stomach moves up through a small opening in the muscular wall that separates the abdominal cavity from the chest cavity
What to Expect
Prior to Test
- As with all x-ray tests, make sure you let your doctor know if you are pregnant.
- Talk to your doctor about the medicines you are taking. They may need to be adjusted before the test.
- Do not eat, drink, or smoke for at least eight hours before the test.
- You may be given a medicine called glucagon . This will slow down the activity of the stomach and small intestine.
- You may be asked to swallow baking soda crystals. These crystals will bubble and make gas in your stomach, allowing for x-rays that are more detailed.
- If the doctor wants to look at lower parts of your intestine, you may need to take a laxative the day before your exam. This will clean out your intestine.
Description of Test
After the Test
How Long Will It Take?
Will It Hurt?
Call Your Doctor
- Constipation that lasts for more than a few days after the test
- Abdominal pain or bloating
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Trouble breathing or cough
American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology http://www.cag-acg.org
Radiology for Patients http://www.radiologyinfo.ca
Patient prep & instruction manual. Scheduled test: upper GI series. Penn Medicine website. Available at: http://www.uphs.upenn.edu/radiology/patient/docs/Upper%5FGI%5FSeries.pdf . Accessed May 22, 2013.
Upper GI series. National Digestive Diseases Clearinghouse, National Institutes of Health website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/uppergi/ . Updated April 23, 2012. Accessed May 22, 2013.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD; Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2013 -
- Update Date: 03/18/2013 -