(Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathy)
Skin changes such as:
- Violet-colored, bumpy, or scaly skin rash, especially around the eyes, upper back, elbows, or knuckles
- Itching, especially the scalp
- Sensitivity to sunlight
- Nail changes
- Skin nodules
problems such as:
- Weakness especially in hips, thighs, arms or neck
- Aching pain in legs, shoulder, arm, or neck
- Tender muscles
- Difficulty swallowing and speaking
- Aching and color changes in fingers, especially in cold temperatures
- Joint pain
- Shortness of breath
- Blood tests
- Muscle biopsy
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- Strength and flexibility exercises
- Guidelines for a general exercise program
- Tips to modify day to day activities if muscle weakness is affecting them
Intravenous Immune Globulin
The Myositis Association http://www.myositis.org
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov
The Arthritis Society http://www.arthritis.ca
Muscular Dystrophy Canada http://www.muscle.ca
Chung L, Genovese MC, et al. A pilot trial of rituximab in the treatment of patients with dermatomyositis. Arch Dermatol. 2007;143:763-767.
Dermatomyositis. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dermatomyositis/dermatomyositis.htm. Updated February 23, 2015. Accessed June 23, 2015.
Idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. EBSCO Dynamed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 4, 2015. Accessed June 23, 2015.
Dold S, Justiniano ME, et al. Treatment of early and refractory dermatomyositis with infliximab: a report of two cases. Clin Rheumatol. 2007;26:1186-1188.
Wong EH, Hui AC, et al. MRI in biopsy-negative dermatomyositis. Neurology. 2005;64:750.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -